How do I correctly quote a paragraph without using word for word of the original material?
When you quote something, it means verbatim (i.e. word for word — exactly as the original).When it’s not verbatim, then it isn’t quoting — it’s paraphrasing.It’s one or the other, generally speaking.Of course, it’s also realistic that some parts of the original cannot be quoted verbatim and some paraphrasing is required for the sake of your own sentence structure. The most usual (and easiest way) is is use square brackets to enclose the parts that have been paraphrased.Examples:—A quotation (exactly as appeared in the original):—A quotation is the repetition of one expression as part of another one, particularly when the quoted expression is well-known or explicitly attributed by citation to its original source, and it is indicated by (punctuated with) quotation marks. A quotation can also refer to the repeated use of units of any other form of expression, especially parts of artistic works: elements of a painting, scenes from a movie or sections from a musical composition.(via Quotation - Wikipedia)A paraphrasing (partial):—The Wikipedia article Quotation stated that, “A quotation is [some text or a part of a painting, movie scene or musical composition that is reproduced in another work], particularly when the quoted [material] is […] attributed by citation to its original source, and is […] (punctuated by) quotation marks.”Notice the paraphasing and omissions within the square brackets. That’s how it’s most usually done.A paraphrasing (complete):—A quotation is some text, image or musical element reproduced in another work, using quotation marks around the quote material to indicate its quoted nature and a citation to indicate its original source, according to Quotation - Wikipedia.Protip:— Your choice of style format may vary from the above, but usually it is clearer and less ambiguous to indicate omitted material with “[…]” (i.e. the suspension point and square brackets) than just “…” alone.Thanks for the A2A.
How to use square brackets [ ] to change tense?
I want to quote the following text: "Journalists are increasingly defying straightforward and discrete definition." In order for it to make grammatical sense in the sentence I am writing i need it to read: journalists often "defy straightforward and discrete definition" (citation, XXX) I thought that the correct way to do it was: journalists often "defy[ ] straightforward and discrete definition" (citation, XXX). So, using the square brackets to indicate the omission of the 'ing'. I have been told that that is incorrect. How should I use square brackets to indicate that i have removed the 'ing' and changed the tense?
In reading, when words are in brackets "[ ]" what does that mean?
Have you ever come to pass in reading, the brackets around random words? They're usually around one word. (I wish I could share an example, but I can't think of one right now) What the point of putting those brackets there? Are they like parentheses where it mostly shares background information? Or are they just there to make it look smart? Is there even a point to the brackets? I'm really just curious, because I really don't know. Thank you, much!
What is the purpose of square brackets in a sentence.?
The words in brackets are implied information based on what was actually said... and they sometimes replace a word or 2 with the bracketed words (Or rewrite the sentence to make it work better), which is why it doesn’t make sense when you remove the bracketed phrase Example: SOURCE: The boy sped up, passed the pedestrian, and turned the corner. ARTICLE: The witness reported that she’d seen “[t]he boy [speed] up.” Or, to borrow an answer from Yahoo... Journalists use brackets within quotations to put words in people’s mouths. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing! Sometimes journalists have to insert words to help to clarify a statement. Brackets are often used to identify ambiguous pronouns in a direct quotation. For example: "They [the 8th Federal Infantry] fought bravely under the most adverse circumstances during the Civil War." You can also use brackets to properly place a quote within the syntax of a sentence. To decapitalize a word, for example, "Doctor Fielding’s written opinion states that ’[p]atients are often deceitful.’" Square brackets are also used in conjunction with the "[sic]" punctuation, which is a way of distancing yourself from a misstatement or a misspelling. For example, "The Delaware River is indeed a truly majestic site [sic]." Finally, to quote usage guru Bryan Garner (and conveniently use square brackets in the process), "[Square brackets] enclose comments, corrections, explanations, interpolations, notes, or translations that were not in the original text but have been added by subsequent authors, editors, or others."
How do I cite this quote in my paper?
Based upon the information that you have provided, I must assume that your text does NOT appear between the sections of the quote that you wish to use. Operating under that assumption, I believe that you run afoul of the rule that ellipses may not be used to alter the quotation in a way that inaccurately represents the original text, either in meaning or grammatical construction. Moreover, the resulting sentence does not appear to me to make sense. If you disagree with my assessment, and insist upon using the sections of the quote that you have noted, the sentence would appear as follows: "Then who will judge me? ... [W]hat is John Proctor! ... I am no saint..." (parenthetical citation). [Note: Spaces are placed between the ellipsis points, as well as before and after them.] [Note: The "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers" (7th ed.) and the "MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing" (3rd ed.) are the newest MLA guidelines; and the guidelines do not require the use of brackets before and after ellipses.] [Note: If, as in your case, a parenthetical citation follows an omission at the end of a sentence, put the closing period after the closing parentheses.] PLEASE rethink using only the sections of the quote that you wish. For verification, formatted examples and additional information, please see: http://writingcommons.org/research/integ... http://www.usca.edu/asc/pdf/writing%20ro... ["Ellipses"] http://www.iup.edu/page.aspx?id=62039 http://www.directessays.com/essay-writing-help/quotations-in-mla-style/ REGARDING ADDITIONAL DETAILS: MUCH BETTER! Remember (1) to type your ellipsis with three periods with a space before each period; (2) to include the closing quotation marks immediately after the third period; (3) to skip a space after the closing quotation marks; (4) to open your parenthetical citation; (5) to include in your parenthetical citation the last name of the author and the page number on which the quote is found; (6) to close your parenthetical citation; and (7) to place a period immediately after your parenthetical citation--that is the period that ends the quoted passage. Please see: http://www.uhv.edu/ac/style/pdf/Using.Ellipsis.MLA.pdf ["Ellipsis at the End of a Sentence"] http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/ ["MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics] Good luck!
Is it acceptable and ethical to edit written interview quotes?
"Editorialising" in journalism typically refers to writing specifically to express opinion or injecting opinion into a piece of reporting, which is different from "editing", which, I believe, is what you're referring to.Cleaning up quotes is a fairly standard practice, but different publications impose different rules on how much you can alter a quote. AP does not allow reporters to clean up quotes except to remove extraneous sounds/fillers, like "um" or "uh".I.e. If your interviewee used an inappropriate word, you're not allowed to change it to the word you think they intended to say, even if it's very obvious what they really meant. You are allowed to use square brackets to reword a quote to make it more clear in context (especially in partial quotes) or change case when integrating a quote into your story, but it shouldn't change the semantics of the sentence.Written interviews can be especially problematic for the specific reasons you noted. Journalists follow different conventions from most other writers in terms of paragraph structure, preferring short paragraphs due to readability. Whether or not it's okay to make such changes to a written interview would depend on your editor's policy. I'm personally fine with it as long as you're not weaving sentences together out of order.Spelling mistakes and grammatical errors can also make the interviewee look really bad if you correct them (using square braces) or point them out ("[sic]"), but they make you look bad if you don't take any action. What you can do is call them up and ask for clarification in an effort to get a better quote out of them. Beyond that, you'll probably have to paraphrase and/or truncate the quote as needed.If it'd been a verbal interview, you could have asked them to repeat their last statement one more time, and most people usually do better expressing themselves the second time around. Alternatively, you can email them a cleaned up version of their quote to verify that it's accurate, and they'll usually sign off on the cleaned up version.For further reading, here's a good post from CBS discussing the issue of quote tampering and different attitudes held within the industry:http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-...
What does the words in parenthesis indicate?
What does the words in parenthesis indicate? Does that mean that the individual didn't use that particular word? Is there a certain emphasis on the word(s)? Read the following statement and tell me what the two words (Kerry, has) mean. Thanks. "(Kerry) remains one of the most popular figures in the Democratic Party and (has) an e-mail list with millions of addresses," an Obama source said.
When I quote from a document, it's normally only a part of the document. Do I have to write: "in part" every time?
Quotes from a document are usually a small amount. If you excerpt the material quoted but leave out some of the information, you typically put an indicator like the ... to show where items are missing. Alternatively, you can use each sentence in quotations as a list.If you add words, these are often put in brackets. Adding words can make a quote flow better in the context where it is included, but might change the overall meaning.Your citation should include the author, the publication, the page or if using Kindle, a set of document location numbers. Many references also cite the publisher, editor if there is no listed author, the date or year of publication. Often the citation can be placed as a footnote.In articles, online links to the source can be used, but they might change so including both is helpful.Depending on where the document is published, your use of citations and footnoting might require different format.