How did Quaker ideals shape the colony of Pennsylvania?
since they were in a vast majority, they could make their ideals more prevalent in the society.
How did the influence of the Quakers make Pennsylvania a unique colony? Why was it called a "holy experiment"?
The commonly used term for the faith formally known as the Religious Society of Friends were Quakers. George Fox began the Quakers in England during the 1650s on the premise that all members could commune directly with God, free from intermediaries such as priests or formal ceremonies, including church services. They were firmly committed to the principle of equality among all men and women, dressing plainly and using the trademark term "thee" in place of formal titles until the mid-nineteenth-century, when those customs were left behind. They were mavericks in many respects, especially when it came to their early involvement in the budding abolitionist movement (some Quakers began protesting slavery as early as 1688). Notable figures including John Woolman, Anthony Benezet, both Grimké sisters (Sarah and Angelina), and countless rank-and-file Friends actively worked to decisively cut all remaining Quaker ties with slavery and to bring about total emancipation. They facilitated the Underground Railroad network for helping runaway slaves escape to the North, they petitioned Congress to end the slave trade and slavery itself, and they composed the vast majority of members in the Pennsylvania Abolition Society. From Shmoop/Abolitionism
How did the influence of the Quakers make the Pennsylvania colony unique?
Strictly speaking, the answer can be none of the above or some of the above. (d mystifies me) The original settlers of Plymouth Colony were Puritans who were unpopular in their own country because they wanted everyone to follow their version of Christianity. From other countries came those who were persecuted, such as Protestants from France. Their were also small sects such as the Anabaptists (ancestors of the Amish) who didn't really fit in anywhere in the old world. Many people who had little hope of prosperity in their native lands thought the New World offered a chance unlike anything available at home. They not only sought gold and silver but just the chance of having a tract of land to farm and feed their family. There were people of a missionary bent who wanted to convert the Native Americans although they were not the first settlers, but came later. As a lifelong historian I hate seeing history reduced to a simple multiple choice question like yours as it limits the scope of one's thinking and understanding of events.
How did the protestant reformation impact the colonization of America?
The Protestant Reformation was not the only thing that impacted the colonization of America. Henry VIII had supported Cabot in his explorations after rejecting Christopher Columbus. Cabot was one of the first to discover the American mainland. But in terms of Protestant Reformation, the majority of those that traveled to the Americas were radicals or Puritans. The Puritans were dogged by the Anglican Church. They were tired of landowners controling the Churches. They did not want to submit to High Church (i.e. the Bells and Whistles)which reminded them too much of Catholicism. Being a bit cyclical the Reformation started because of Henry VIII had been a Catholic. Puritans and radicals suffered greatly under the rule of the Stuarts. During the rule of James I, Puritans pleaded with James I to change the ways of the Church of England. As Puritans rejected to ornaments and ritual, they favored using only parts of the Common Book of Prayer. They wanted to purify the Church of England. Charles I succeeded James I and he was more vigilant in perscuting Puritans. He was supporting of Arminian theology and embraced more Catholic aspects. But of course his wife was a Catholic and that made Charles I distrusting in many eyes. So to rap up.... Puritans given the name "Puritan", in mockery of their apparent obsession with "purifying" the Church of its vestiges. In other words, they wanted a more down home feel to their religion. Puritans went to the U.S because they wanted freedom and thought the Church of England was beyond reform. I am sure some probably came over for economic reasons as well. :) Then also some came over because they were banished. It was better than death.
Initially religion had no influence on colonization; the first three colonies (Roanoke Island, Roanoke Island again and Jamestown) were for-profit ventures run by a private company.The “Pilgrims” came due to religious persecution - they were for it (as long as they were the ones doing the persecuting). They tried to join the existing Jamestown colony, but the Virginia Company wanted no part of them and arranged to have them stranded without most of their supplies hundreds of miles to the north, at what became the Plymouth Colony. Another religious group, the Puritans, settled the Massachusetts Colony just north of Plymouth Colony. Dissenters from both struck out (and/or were kicked out) to establish the other New England colonies.An influential Catholic was granted what became the Maryland colony, and another influential man whose son was a “Friend” (called “Quakers” by their enemies) was granted Pennsylvania as a colony with the strange concept of religiosity freedom; lots of German religious minorities (mostly Mennonites and Moravians) settled there. Elsewhere the official established church was the Church of England. (An “established” chuch is one supported by taxes.) Regardless, in most places church attendance was mandatory.In the mid 1700s a religious revival known as the “Great Awakening” swept Britain. It was even more successful in the American colonies. There it merged with ideas of liberty. When Parliament tried to assert authority over the colonies the colonists saw it as an assult on their God-given rights. It is impossible to overstate how this influenced the lead-up to the American Revolution.Finally, after 1763 Quebec passed from France to England. The people in the “13 colonies” in general, and New England in particular, were horrified that the “Quebec Act” established the Catholic Church there; in 1775 the Continental Army invaded Quebec, largely to liberate the colonists there from the Catholic Church. (They truly did not understand why these ethnic French Catholics might not want to be “liberated” from the Catholic Church.)
Similarities and differences between Puritans And Quakers?
difference: Quakers were pacifists, puritans not Quakers did not believe in slavery or inequal treatment of other races, puritans did not women had far greater responsibilities and roles in quaker families than in puritan. similarities: both faced religious persecution both believed that traditional religion needed reform Both the Quakers and the Puritans were religious groups with a strong desire to create a better, more compassionate society.
Many settlements in the early years were homogenous. New England, for example, was in the beginning comprised of English settlers and many of the same faith at that. In New England there were disagreements over the authority of churchmen and insufficient voice given to people at large - there were disagreements over proper relationships with the Native Americans - Roger Williams broke with his origins and started his own colony - Rhode Island. Thomas Hooker did the same but both of these men were English in their origin as were the people with whom they were quarrelling. New York - Manhattan -had some diversity but they were Protestants all and the French Protestants that came there with the Dutch were warmly embraced and they intermarried. There was a great quarrel was between the Scot-Irish of Pennsylvania and - everybody else. Pennsylvania was a colony of diversity as its founder actively welcomed it. The Scot-Irish moved to the then frontier where they did not embrace Penn's policy of good treatment of the remaining Native Americans. The 'Paxton Boys' felt the remaining ones should be done away with and they actually marched on Philadelphia to make their point and were dissuaded from invading the city by Ben Franklin. But they sought to do a job and did not seek any real political influence. I can't say that quarrel had ethnic tension -they culturally disagreed with the pacifist policies that Penn had set in motion. They did not seek political influence of any long standing. In 1756 Quakers stood up and left the Pennsylvania State Legislature in protest of a decision to go to war but it was their choice to do so and they were discouraged that the pacifist policies were being abandoned. Quakers whose colony it had been in many ways were now outnumbered by non-Quakers. But Quakers continued to have a great influence in the colony. Ethnic tension/animosity arose with later immigration and rather than Irish/English it was more new immigrants vs. the established settlers who were often WASPs but who certainly did not regard them themselves as 'English' after the Revolution. The traditional battle lines of Europe were primarily Catholic/Protestant. The ability to found your own colony - such as Maryland founded by Catholics to be a haven for Catholics -gave everyone some space from each other. I'm fairly new to Quora - the custom is to say thanks for an A2A and I do - thanks so much.