What are some long and short term Causes of World War 1?
Long Term: 1. The Rise of Militarism -"after 1890, Europeans began to view the use of military power as not only feasible but also desirable to bring a resolutions to the increasingly hostile political conditions in Europe" 2.The Arms Race -"This wave of nationalist militarism also manifested itself in a continuing arms race that threatened the balance of power, owing to revolutionary technological developments" like how mortars and cannons "improved in range, accuracy, and firepower", the machine gun, new submarines, airplanes, & improved naval weaponry. Some countries were eager to test this new equipment, a long term cause of the mass eruption of war. 3.Imperialism as a Source of Conflict -Countries fought over territories they annexed during the New Imperialism, creating more enemies 4. Awkward Balance of Power and Europe's complex Alliance System. Because of this alliance system, all of Europe quickly got entangled in a war which only involved two countries. Short Term: 1.The assassination of Franz Ferdinand. 2. Balkan Crisis, where Austria-Hungary and Russia had an intense rivalry over who would have the greater sphere of influence in the deteriorating Balkans.
What were the major long-term causes of World War 1?
1. NAtionalist tensions in Europe 2. Competition for European colonies 3 Arms races and militarianism 4. Formations of defense alliances Immediate Causes (just in case you need to know): 1. Assassination of Franz Ferdinand 2. Austria-Hungary's retaliation against Serbia 3. Declarations of war between rival alliances. 4. Germany's invasion of Belgium.
How did Germany cause WW1?
They put into play the Schlieffen plan on 14 March 1914. Basically the German states ( Germany was not a country as we know it today but a series of city states under one Kaiser) knew they had 12 weeks in which to invade and conquer Belgium and France and take Paris. The timing was critical. The reason for 12 weeks was that was how long they considered it would take the Russians to their east to mobilize an entire Army. By shutting down the west the Germans would then have the necessary resources to shut down the eastern front and so win the best part of Europe in a short period of time. The forts at Liege in Belgium hung the Germans up for over three weeks instead of three days ( the time accorded by the Schlieffen plan) and the window of opportunity was lost . The Germans advanced to Mons where a contingent of French and British soldiers held their advance and the Germans retreated to the Marne. Because the French and Germans did not pursue as rigorously as they could due to exhaustion and losses the Germans dug in and established what was essentially to be called the western front for the remainder of the war. meanwhile the Russians mobilized a lot more quickly that Germany had hoped but they were not as ready or as well trained as the Austrians troops who were sent to engage them and the Austrians won the initial confrontation with the Russians at tannenberg. This created what came to be called the eastern front. Unlike the western front the front moved fluidly and a lot more ground was won and lost in the east and was not such a stalemate as was the west. the Russian revolution of 1917 caused Russia to withdraw from the war and this allowed all the eastern front troops to be released to serve on the western front. But by this time the USA was starting to become involved . the gradual decimation of troops on all sides, the lack of supplies and resources coupled with the overthrow of the kaiser and the establishment of the Wiemar repiblic caused germany to seek an armistice which ended the war on 11 november 1918.
What was the effect of imperialism in ww1?
This is from one of my history worksheets, hope it helps. IMPERIALISM Imperialism is when a country takes over new lands or countries and makes them subject to their rule. By 1900 the British Empire extended over five continents and France had control over large areas of Africa. The amount of lands "owned" by Britain and France increased rivalry with Germany, who had entered the scramble to acquire colonies late and only had small areas of Africa.