What were the factors of production present in Britain that encouraged the Industrial Revolution?
Available capital, surplus population for a cheaply paid work force, coal and water power, a merchant fleet which brought in raw materials and took out finished products.
Where did the Industrial Revolution start?
The Industrial Revolution Began in England (1760-1850)Why it began?The Industrial Revolution began in Britain for a number of different reasons.Britain had access to a number of natural resources, such as iron and coal. The agricultural sector of the British economy had been steadily growing during the 18th century. Agricultural stability allowed the British population to increase.Population growth created a number of new opportunities. There were new markets for products. There was a larger labour market. Economic stability allowed British businessmen to take risks and invest in new enterprises, encourage investments and discover new overseas markets.Britain, being an island, was removed from the wars in continental Europe. Due to stability, peace and prosperity at home, the British were able to acquire a number of colonies overseas. Colonies in America and Asia established new import and export markets.Peace and prosperity in Britain also encouraged freedom of thought. British scientists were able to dedicate their time and energy to developing new and efficient technologies.There was no one, single reason that the Industrial Revolution occurred in Britain. The Industrial Revolution was a result of a number of processes that had been building up over a long period of time.The resultsIn the 18th century, Britain was a land of opportunity. A number of processes worked in favour of the Industrial Revolution. Britain had access to a large number of natural resources, access that increased with the acquisition of overseas colonies. Political stability and freedom of thought allowed a number of inventors to develop new technology. Wealthy businessmen invested in these technologies.New technologies started a chain reaction in Britain that became known as the Industrial Revolution. Demands for products led to the development of efficient transportation systems. This included the building of a number of canals, roads and finally, railways.By the early 19th century, Britain was producing over three-quarters of the mined coal, half the cotton and iron goods and the majority of steam engines in continental Europe.Hope it helped!
When was the Industrial Revolution in the UK?
It began in Derbyshire in the mid 18th century. A man called James Hargreaves began it in 1764, by inventing a multi spindle spinning frame called the Spinning Jenny, so that several threads could be spun at one time. This was followed closely by Richard Arkwright, who invented the spinning frame, which following the transition to water power was renamed the water frame (patented in 1769) . He also patented a rotary carding engine that transformer raw cotton into cotton lap. This combined power, machinery, semi-skilled labour and the new raw material of cotton to create mass-produced yarn. His skills of organization made him, more than anyone else, the creator of the modern factory system, especially in his mill at Cromford, Derbyshire.The mill still exists and is well worth a visit. Details can be found at:-https://www.cromfordmills.org.uk/
How Much Did Chimney Sweeps get paid in industrial revolution?
I think they were bound to their employers, sort of like paying off their apprentice fees, boarding fees. And they didn't seem to own too much. Although that information is about child chimney sweepers. I found a few links that might help. This one says they were paid as much as tuppence per week. http://bygonederbyshire.co.uk/articles/Chimney_sweep:_Killed_in_chimney_for_tuppence_a_week This one talks about way of life; more about the law of 1875 that called for licensed chimney sweepers http://victorians.westsussex.gov.uk/ccm/victorian-westsussex/background-for-teachers/work.en?page=6 This covers a list of jobs and wages during industrial rev: http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/tuttle.labor.child.britain And one more: http://www.nettlesworth.durham.sch.uk/time/victorian/vindust.html Hope that's what they were looking for. :)
What were the factors that allowed the industrial revolution to begin in England?
What factors led to the Industrial Revolution in Britain?The canal-building era at the beginning of the 1700s had two effects: (1) big improvement in transport efficiency increased availability of products everywhere in Britain (2) significant profits accumulated in businesses that used the canalsThe Farming Revolution increased food production by approx 15% throughout Britain, cutting food shortages and increasing farm profits. It also allowed people to leave the land and sell their labour to the factories and mills that were springing up.The formation of “natural philosophy societies” everywhere had the effects of spreading knowledge, skill, and interest in new scientific knowledge and technical applications of the new knowledge; and the effect of generating new business ideasIn the war against Napoleon, the Royal Navy encouraged and powered new mass-manufacturing methods, and through prize money spread wealthThe money from (1) and (2) combined with the ideas in (3), the techniques and money from (4) to power many businesses (textiles, pottery, mining, metalwork) to previously unseen volume and drastically lower unit costs, in an atmosphere in Britain with little or no restrictions or delays on what could be tried out.The control of the seas by the Royal Navy suppressed piracy and enabled safe, reliable commerce shipping and trading, thus providing markets for the new volume products.The building of the railways continued the transport revolution, and again improved the nation’s efficiencyThe profits that fell out were often reinvested in new technologies and business ventures, thus prolonging the Industrial Revolution.
What marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain?
The Industrial Revolution is a bad name for the transformation of society that began in Britain in about 1770. It is a bad name because it was actually and economic boom that revolutionised agriculture, transport, education, literature, sport, city life and management as well as industry. All this and the reason for it is covered in my Book, ‘The Birth of Now’, on Amazon .co .ukThe end of the Seven Years war in 1756–63 may be a good date as it was, in part, the British success and profit from this war that kicked off the whole thing.