How Did The Mayans Build Their Buildings?
Habitations and early ceremonial buildings were made from wood, mud, brick and straw. Locally available limestone, which was easy to cut, became increasingly used for civic and ceremonial buildings. This eventually developed to a fine art as huge temple platforms and extensive palaces and ball-courts were built. Elaborate statues, stelae and carvings showed that their techniques became very highly developed. They also developed methods of building cheap, rough frameworks, and using a mortar-like material to finish them off with a smooth and elaborate 'veneer'. A mortar concrete was sometimes used as a base, with fine cut stones creating the embellishments. This itself became a fine art, such as the stucco effects at the Puuc hills sites. They never developed a proper arch, but used step-like corbelling to form internal spaces. Limestone was a good material for building, as it could be cut with stone tools. Abrasive sisal ropes may also have been used, and these strong ropes would also have been useful for pulling and hoisting blocks. They likely used ramps and wooden scaffolds to access upper parts of tall structures. They made good use of geography, often building temple platforms over existing mounds and hills, running pathways between them. Platforms were commonly solid, so no internal void had to be engineered. The carvings were most likely done with stone or metal tools. The early elaborate carvings such as at Copan could certainly have been done with stone. As metal tools became commoner later, these led to some very fine carvings, particularly glyphic inscriptions.
I want to own a building in New York. How do I make this happen?
If you want to purchase a building in New York City, prepare your finances by creating an influx of millions of dollars. Step two is to then to find a building, while step three is to purchase said building. Since at this point you will be a millionaire, you can easily do so. Step four is to live the life of a millionaire in NYC, which involves living in the vicinity of and socializing with other millionaires, while acting entitled. It is also important to stroll through the streets as well as eat brunch on a weekday looking bored while everyone else who has to make a living is at work. Since millionaires emulate billionaires, you will need to find ways to increase your money as much as possible, simultaneously being able to increase your sense of entitlement and entitled attitude toward others exponentially. Finally, please ensure that any type of giving away of your monies is only done at high-profile charity events and does not involve any type of work that may disturb you or make your hands dirty. I wish you the best of luck with your endeavor.
What are the most economical ways to build buildings?
Q: What are the most economical ways to build buildings?This depends entirely on where you live and what type of building you want to construct.For smaller dwellings, in many countries it’s wood/timber frame. In others it’s small modular masonry units with mortar construction. In others it’s mud or straw.For larger buildings you generally have a choice of timber, steel, concrete or load-bearing masonry construction. If you want long spans, generally steel is cheapest, but it depends on the availability and access for things like cranes.Everything depends on how the market had developed to serve the construction industry in a particular country/region. Regulations will also determine construction methods, and in many parts of the world environmental and climatic considerations are built into the regulations.For example in Southern and Eastern Europe, in-situ concrete construction is much more popular than steel. The market and labour forces are set up in such a way that if you want to build in a different way to the majority of buildings, you will pay more for it.Here in the UK concrete frames are far less common than steel frames. Steel is much faster, and time is money. It is not that easy to get concrete subcontractors who can provide the required quality reliably.For domestic houses we use timber and metal frames with external insulation and a masonry or render/stucco external finish. Timber cladding is becoming more common with timber frames. Insulation requirements are strict and we have to thermally isolate the interior from the exterior, so in-situ concrete is not commonplace for walls.Brickwork was traditionally common, but the lack of skilled tradesmen and rising costs mean that this is not as economical as it was. It’s often a lot more expensive than render/stucco.However externally-insulated render is prone to algae growth, so although it’s cheap, it’s not always as popular as its cost might lead one to believe.In summary - the cheapest construction methods are the ones you most commonly find!
How to square a building?
The 3-4-5 rule should always be increased to the largest ratio possible. In other words you simply double each number. For your walls I would use 6-8-10. You must take one wall as the straight one just as it is. I use felt tip pen and toothpicks. Make a batter board for the line that you will need to adjust left or tight to get square. That is two stakes about 2' apart with a horizontal board between stakes. Center this batter board over your close wall line. Your designated straight wall line should never move. Mark it with felt tip pen at 6',Stretch your other line to center of batter board. Put a mark on this string with felt tip pen at 8'. Now do your diagonal until you get 10' reading. If you must move string, move only the one with 8' mark. Re-check your 8' mark when you move string as sometimes the tension will be different and result in plus or minus 8'. When you get a 10' reading mark the horizontal board with the felt tip pen to show where string needs to stay. Have a buddy help you with this. For best results professionals put 2 batter boards at each corner. Place them back away from the true corners by about 2' each way. Good Luck.
What's the best way to get birds out of a building?
You seem to think the birds would hurt you, you don't want to get close; what kind are they? Most birds would not hurt you, except for birds of prey, and I'm pretty sure they aren't birds of prey. When I want to get a bird out of a room, I try to keep disturbing them so they can't settle down comfortably. I use a broom to chase them around; in your case I don't know, maybe a nerf gun to shoot nerf balls at them? Could you throw crumpled paper balls at them? But from what you said, maybe there aren't any perches higher than the window curtain, and you could use a broom to just keep them from landing on the curtain rod or anyplace else. I know this is rather tiring, but eventually the birds will go out the window or will get so tired that they will be easier to catch, then you can throw them out the window. Now, I kind of doubt that these individuals will come back, since the place isn't very hospitable; no food, no trees, and getting chased around. They were probably young birds that didn't know any better. But I'd close the window or fix the screen anyway.
Ways buildings can be made earthquake proof?
What is the abbreviation for building?
What is the abbreviation for building
How can I get better at building in Fortnite?
Well, recently I switched from PC to PS4. On the PC, I was a god at building. But my computer broke, and that's a problem. I ended up playing on the PlayStation, and at first, it was incredibly difficult. I'll admit that for the first week or so, I was a hardcore bush camper. I decided to quit that and actually play. When season 4 started, I decided to play more often. About 2-4 hours a day. For most of the season, I was using ‘Combat Pro’, but I switched to ‘Builder Pro’ a couple of months ago. I immeadititly relaized that this mode was better for me. I was an above average player, but not as good as I was on the PC. I averaged about 3-5 kills a round, while on the computer my average was 6-9. Once I even got a 12 kill win. The PS4 was getting easier to deal with though. I have 4 younger brothers, which are a big problem. All of them are at that age that I call the ‘Mom said it's my turn on the PlayStation and if you don't get off I'm gonna tell,’ stage of life. All of them. It sucked. Me and my oldest brother (9) would always argue about playing. He said that he had to play. I told him to fuck off. I started playing more at night. One night, I went from having the Valor skin, to getting the ‘Bananas’ emote (tier 90 or something). I got off when my PlayStation crashed. About 4 weeks ago, I was it was a 1v1, and we were in an intense buildbattle. He shot me from behind, and hit me for around 80. I was pissed, and turned around. Too late. This fucker pulled out some crazy SMG. He was on 16 health. I almost broke my controller. I checked my sensitivity and everything was 3.5. The only answer was my brothers, who insisted on playing on my account because I was tier 100. I turned it up to 9.5. Everything. The first few rounds were actual hell. I looked like a fucking toddler. But after about 2 days, I had goten used to it. Now it's season 5 and I'm a god. I'll admit, I'm an ultimate tryhard, and I still emote over every kill I get, but at least I have a chance at winning now.So, just turn your sensitivity up for a quicker reaction time and pick the settings that fit your needs, and practice.(On PC, switch your keys. Thats one reason why I was so good. And turn your sensitivity up.)
What's the best way to insulate a metal building?
I suggest starting out with 3" Pinkboard (R-9.5) insulation factor. Attach in warm weather and with no moisture on the inside walls and humidity of 60% or less. Use a regular construction adhesive. Over the Pinkboard (this board is 4' x 8' styrofoam), use rolled insulation and a good adhering tape not necessarily duct tape (check with your building supply center). The rolled insulation should be as thick as you can get it, generally 6". Most of your heat loss will be in the ceiling. Add stringers, spaced apart to hold the rolled insulation in place. Pleat staple these together. I suggest using 2 layers of R-19 rolled insulation. Don't forget to insulate the doors same way as the walls. Hope this helps. You should stay nice and warm.
What are the different ways of building a house?
Common construction in the USA is with walls made of lumber and floors built with lumber over a basement or crawl space. This is common in areas where the ground is frozen part of the year and the foundation must be below the frost line.Warmer locations, and locations with ground water close to the surface commonly use concrete floor with no basement or crawl space. Some locations require stilts sunk into the ground to support the entire house.Most homes are built on the site with most of the materials being worked by carpenters. Some homes are built at another location that you might think of as a “Factory” where the walls are pre-built and shipped flat to the homesite. Some homes are built in “modules” such as half or one-fourth of the house is fully assembled. This is called “modular”, or “manufactured”.Homes built with concrete walls are built in some locations, but this is rare. Sod homes and underground homes are also built. Homes can even be built in trees and on a single pole in the center.