What is Franklin D Roosevelt's significance?
In my opinion, he was the best President we ever had. He got us out of the great depression that Hoover got us into. Hoover promised a car in every garage and a chicken in every pot (we had a chicken in ever pot because our people didn't have food to feed them and the cars were in the garage because people couldn't buy gas to drive them).FDR started the CC Corps for young men to work in to help feed their families, he also set up what was later known as the Social Security Administration and the building and repairing roads.He also set up several other programs for the mast majority of people out of work. After wwii began he had the Atomic Bomb project set up to build a bomb that eventually brought the war to an end, even though he died before the bomb was brought in to end it.
What are your opinions on Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal?
Altruism, duty, collectivism VS self-support, reason, individualism. A train-wreck par excellence. He (it) was the culmination of decades of progressives. The damage lives on.
What is your opinion of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal?
a lot of people didn't like it because the government was spending so much money. I think it was a good thing though. You need to put money into the economy if you want to make it better. An analagy my history teacher used was priming the pump. You need to put water in the pump or nothing will happen. The pump will burn up if there is nothing to pump.
Explain why Franklin D. Roosevelt is said to be the founder of the modern presidency.?
he established many of the cabinet and departments that are there today. income tax, social security,etc.
Discuss Franklin Roosevelt's general approach to dealing with the problems of the Great Depression?
In reference to the Great Depression, Roosevelt proclaimed "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself" in his inauguration speech on (Saturday, March 4, 1933). Roosevelt's first weeks in office were called The Hundred Days, as during the first part of his administration he authored and approved a flurry of Congressional acts to institute immediate change and keep the nation's economy from destabilizing. He instituted a four-day "banking holiday" two days after he took office: a four-day period in which all banks in the country closed, allowing the institutions a brief period to recover and reorganize. During this time of crisis Roosevelt addressed the nation for the first time as President on Sunday, March 12, 1933 in the first of many "Fireside Chats." Roosevelt's "First 100 Days" concentrated on the first part of his strategy: immediate relief. From March 9 to June 16, 1933, he sent Congress a record number of bills, all of which passed easily. To propose programs, Roosevelt relied on leading Senators such as George Norris, Robert F. Wagner and Hugo Black, as well as his own Brain Trust of academic advisers. Like Hoover, he saw the Depression as partly a matter of confidence, caused in part by people no longer spending or investing because they were afraid to do so. He therefore set out to restore confidence through a series of dramatic gestures. Relief measures included the continuation of Hoover's major relief program for the unemployed under the new name, Federal Emergency Relief Administration. The most popular of all New Deal agencies – and Roosevelt's favorite – was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), which hired 250,000 unemployed young men to work on rural local projects. Recovery was pursued through "pump-priming" (that is, federal spending). The NIRA (National Industrial Recovery Act) included $3.3 billion of spending through the Public Works Administration to stimulate the economy. Roosevelt worked with Republican Senator George Norris to create the largest government-owned industrial enterprise in American history, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), which built dams and power stations, controlled floods, and modernized agriculture and home conditions in the poverty-stricken Tennessee Valley.
What did Franklin Roosevelt contribute to World War 2?
“FDR was extremely attentive to public opinion, and he delayed American entry into the war until there was public support. He used countries like Britain and France as proxies until America could enter the war. He nurtured American opinion, and he deepened, by stages, America's involvement in the war. He did not enter WWII until the bombing of Pearl Harbor. FDR possessed immense personal courage. FDR held American democracy together during the Depression. He won four consecutive presidential elections, and he did it all with a broken body. Roosevelt built a powerful wartime coalition with Britain and the Soviet Union, and led the nation to victory against Nazi Germany. During the interwar years and in the war itself, a great worldwide battle of values, forms of government, and economic systems was underway, pitting liberal democracy against fascism, Nazism, and communism. Roosevelt’s advocacy of American ideals and institutions gave eloquent expression to the tenets of liberal democracy for which the nation fought, and included stirring public statements of the importance of America’s founding principles of representative government, religious freedom, toleration, individual liberty, free speech, and capitalism. Roosevelt's expressions of the core values of a free and open society inspired many in the United States and around the world, even though he did not always live up to those principles. Roosevelt succumbed to fear and racism when he issued Executive Order 9066, which interned 112,000 Japanese Americans during the war. “ Excerpted from Khan Academy module on FDR
Why did Franklin D Roosevelt not include civil rights legislation for African-Americans as part of his progressive "New Deal"?
It’s kind of an interesting story. It’s true that FDR had an ugly side to him (did little to address the white supremacy coming from his party in the South including some of his KKK buddies, threw Japanese Americans in internment camps), but at the same time, he did quite a few things to push us toward Civil Rights.This is directly from PBS:“Roosevelt did not publicly support civil rights for blacks, and his administration was silent on the issue until the late 1930s, when the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, began to speak up on behalf of black Americans. Without her persistent influence, the goals of civil rights and New Deal legislation would never have converged.[…]Roosevelt did not do something to curb the discriminatory hiring practices of the National Defense Program. To avoid the embarrassment of a racial protest in the nation's capital, Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 in 1941, which established the Fair Employment Practices Committee and mandated race-blind hiring by defense organizations.”The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. A National Struggle . The PresidentInterestingly enough, it seems that in his period, the early 1900s, discrimination and hate groups like the KKK were a popular thing, because President Calvin Coolidge and Frank Appleby had been endorsed by the group (For decades, the Ku Klux Klan openly endorsed candidates for political office) and, before Roosevelt, “President Hoover excluded blacks from federal offices and executive departments, and his administration would not allow blacks to work on federal construction jobs.”Still, though, Roosevelt’s socialist policies did wonders for the black community to the point where it brought them out of poverty at the time and got a solid black Republican majority to jump ship.Did Roosevelt do some great things? Yes. Could he have done more? Absolutely. How should we view this? Was he a “man of his time?” Personally, I don’t like using that argument, because it makes moral concepts like Civil Rights and antiracism seem subjective and relative to time. Perhaps he was silent on the KKK and other groups because he wanted to stay president so that he could do more to help minorities? Still not an excuse though. I’d rate him as a good president, but he had many vital flaws that make it hard to accept him entirely. I’d certainly rank him below Eisenhower, Clinton, GHWB, and Kennedy.
What characteristics made Franklin D. Roosevelt such an effective political leader?
In addition to all of the positive personal attributes noted in many of the other answers, I think that his willingness to experiment with solutions to the multiude of problems created by the depression was vital to his early successes. He took office in 1933 at the depths of the depression. His predecessor had taken a hands off approach, leaving any correction to market forces. There was no safety net in those days which is why long lines of shabby men outside soup kitchens has become an iconic image of the depression.Desperate people looked to their government for help and were turned away. A sense of abandonment pervaded the unemployed and the displaced.When FDR took office he immediately began pushing remedial legislation and soon the first of what become a flurry of “alphabet agencies” arrived on the scene. The mere fact that the government was now trying to help initially was more important than whether or not the effort was successful. FDR's optimism and willingness to experiment with solutions was the engine that turned things around.All of his positive attributes were essential to his success but his optimism and willingness to try new things were the icing on the cake and what made the entire package work.This is why he was able to lead us out of the depression. His diplomatic skills would be severely tested in the run-up to WW II and through the war years. Together, Churchill and FDR saved liberal democracy. Stalin was instrumental in the Allied victory and it took tremendous skill and tenacity to keep Stalin as an ally until a western front could be opened in Europe. (On D-Day Stalin finally got his wish).FDR and Churchill we're both the right men at the right time and in the right place. The world would be a much different place today without them.A portrait photo of each of them hangs in my home.