Where does the Current Portuguese royal family live?
The Ajuda National Palace (Portuguese: Palácio Nacional da Ajuda) is a neoclassical monument in the civil parish of Ajuda in the city of Lisbon, centralPortugal. Built on the site of a temporary wooden building constructed to house the Royal family after the 1755 earthquake and tsunami, it was originally begun by architect Manuel Caetano de Sousa, who planned a lateBaroque-Rococo building. Later, it was entrusted to José da Costa e Silva and Francisco Xavier Fabri, who planned a magnificent building in the modern neoclassical style. Over time the project has undergone several periods when the construction was stopped or slowed due to financial constraints or political conflicts. When the Royal Family had to flee to Brazil (in 1807), following the invasion of Portugal by French troops, and the work proceeded very slowly with Fabri taking charge of the project, later followed by António Francisco Rosa. Lack of financial resources would also a result in the reduction of the projects scale. The construction of the Ajuda Palace, which began in 1796 and lasted until the 19th century, was a project plagued by various/diverse political, economic and artistic/architectonic problems. It was invaded by Napoleon's troops in 1807, and discontinued by Liberal forces who imposed a constitutional monarchy that reduced the power of the monarchy. Artistically, it was a convergence of the Baroque styles from Mafra, very connected to regal authority, with the birth of the Neoclassic style from Italy. These tastes were affected by successive interruptions, due to a lack of funds, political sanctions or disconnection between the workers and authorities who were responsible for the project. The project was various times modified, but were generally authored by Manuel Caetano de Sousa (the last Baroque architect) and, later, Costa e Silva and Fabri, both Bolognese architects whose tastes crossed the architectural spectrum, but in which Neoclassicism predominated. When the Palace finally became a permanent residence of the Royal Family (during the reign of King Luis I and his wife, Maria Pia of Savoy), their architect, Possidónio da Silva, introduced many aesthetic changes and turned one of the lateral façades into the main façade. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajuda_Natio... List of Portuguese monarchs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Por...
The Portugal Royal Family?
Lisbon is Europe's second-oldest capital and after home to the world's best explorers like Vasco da Gama, Magellan and Prince Henry the Navigator, getting the initial correct earth city, the capital of an empire scattering over all continents, from South America (Brazil) to Asia (Macao, China; Goa, India) and know you can invest a couple of day to learn that old city, with hotelbye is wherever you should start. The most acknowledged of Lisbon's significant attractions may be the St. George's Castle. This fort orders a wonderful position near Alfama on the top of a hill overlooking the Portuguese capital. This really is among Lisbon's most widely used tourist destinations. Their impressive battlements, engaging memorial, and amazing archaeological site mix to help make the fort a satisfying experience for the whole family, and kiddies specially will love clambering within the strong surfaces and systems that encircle the grounds.
Why did the Portuguese court move to Brazil?
The French were entering the country from Spain, João VI was an indecisive regent, the queen was insane, Portuguese coffers were too light to take on a war (and they had a poor military). The plan had been in existence for several years but it took the imminent threat of Napoleon and the protection of the British Royal Navy to carry it out.
How did Portuguese colonies gain independence?
The Portuguese Empire was the earliest and longest lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau in 1999. After World War II, Portugal's right-wing dictator, António Salazar, desperately tried to keep the Portuguese Empire intact at a time when other European countries were beginning to withdraw from their colonies. In 1961 the handful of Portuguese troops garrisoned in Goa were unable to prevent Indian troops marching into the colony, but Salazar began a long and bloody war to quell anticolonialist forces in the African colonies. The unpopular war lasted until the overthrow of the Portuguese regime in 1974, known as the Carnation Revolution. The new government immediately changed policy and recognised the independence of all its colonies, including East Timor, save for Macau, which was eventually returned to China in 1999, marking the end of the Portuguese overseas empire. Angola, Guiné-Bissau and Mozambique fighted for their independence for several years at 60-70's untill 1974. São Tomé e Príncipe e Cabo Verde also became independent by those days. In 1808, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Portugal, and Dom João, prince regent in place of his mother, Dona Maria I, ordered the transfer of the royal court to Brazil. In 1815 Brazil was elevated to the status of Kingdom, the Portuguese state officially becoming the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves and the capital was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. There was also the election of Brazilian representatives to the Portuguese Constitutional Courts. Dom João, fleeing from Napoleon's army, moved the seat of government to Brazil in 1808. Brazil thereupon became a kingdom under Dom João VI, and the only instance of a European country being ruled from one of its colonies. Although the royal family returned to Portugal in 1821, the interlude led to a growing desire for independence amongst Brazilians. In 1822, the son of Dom João VI, then prince-regent Dom Pedro I, proclaimed the independence, September 7, 1822, and was crowned emperor. Unlike the Spanish colonies of South America, Brazil's independence was achieved without significant bloodshed.
They had a destructive role, but not the "same" destructive role. Brazil was less densely populated (except, perhaps around the Paraná river basin and somewhere in the West Amazon) and the peoples living here did not have developed civilisations like those of the Andes and Mesoamerica. So, there was not as much to be destroyed.But they were very destructive, in many senses:Since enslaving the amerindians was not profitable, they'd keep them out of reach, as the eternal "barbarian" element to be supressed. Indians had to flee or face extermination, if they fought. This is why Tupian languages; once only spoken in coastal regions of the south, east and north-east of present-day Brazil; came to be spoken in the Amazon, as pockets of isolated peoples among the local arawak, karib or je populations.Their economic ventures were based on extracting wood (Brazilwood, but also others) and, later, on sugarcane monoculture. Both activities were very destructive to nature. Up to 97% of the natural landscape of the Brazilian coast and close-to-coast environments were destroyed before the XX century.They brought black slaves from Africa wholesale, kickstarting the infamous Atlantic slave trade. This was bad news for the fledging African states of Congo, Dahomey, Ashantee and others, which were pillaged, disturbed and divided. Atlantic slave trade destroyed African heritage sites, displaced peoples, dismantled economic systems and reduced most of the black continent to abject poverty. Then the Europeans said that the blacks were lazy and primitive.They created a totally murderous society, based on slave labour and wholesale opression of the majority of the population.
No. You don't have to wait for Napoleon. French were kicked out of Portugal in 1810 following the defeat of Soult. Napoleon fell in 1814.Now, before the first French Invasion to Portugal, King John VI decided to leave with his royal court and the rest of elites to Brazil. He knew what was coming to him if he had stayed. Portugal was the only country that didn't obey Napoleon's orders to shut the ports to British products. This decision led us to suffer greatly in the coming years. This also made Rio de Janeiro(Brazil) the first and only American city to rule a European Empire. With the King in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro developed immensely by having a library,hospital,university,etc. But hey this doesn't answer my question. I know it doesn't ,but it needs to be said to bring some context to what I'm going to write after.John VI's sons were born in Portugal but they were young when they left to Brazil. Pedro, first son, felt more Brazillian than Portuguese. Seeing Portugal and Brazil, John VI opted to s tay in Brazil. Portugal was a mess and Brazil had very very large resources. Whereas Portugal was being “protected” by the British for more than a decade, John VI was conquering territories in South America like Uruguay for example. He only changed his mind when in 1819 a revolution overthrew the English “protectors” in Porto and in 1822 the same group created a Liberal Constitution (John VI was absolutist) and with fears that this could lead to a Republic he was forced to come back. His honeymoon had ended.PS: His real name was João the equivalent of John. Also, he is seen as a coward by Portuguese (at least the ones who know about this time in History).
Thanks Paraguacu. There has also been a few Quora questions on the subject: Why do many Brazilians hate Portuguese people for colonizing Brazil, when they are the ones who are most likely to be descendants of those colonizers?"When the Portuguese Crown came here in 1808, running away from Napoleon's wrath, Brazil was elevated to the status of "united kingdom" because it would look bad to a royal family to live in a colony. When everything soothed and the Crown was set to sail back, every single sector of the Portuguese society demanded that Brazil should return to the "colony" status. It stirred the population and led Pedro I (Portuguese, but with Brazilian soul) to proclaim the independence of Brazil, fufilling the subtle request of his father who once said: "Son, if Brazil is meant to be independent, better be by your hands than from the hands of any other adventurous person, because you are my son and I know you'll respect me".It is normal to want money to flow to Lisbon, if Napoleon's armies were gone. But when the issue was in doubt, wars are not a place to be. All money collected when in a war would go to fighting Napoleon or at least be on guard. Taxing people in a war area is to invite spies, desertion, and dissent. So still money flowed to Portugal, once past the 6 months when the French were unopposed. When the rebellion started, the money had to flow in.
Is Portugal a Brazilian colony?
In a way it was. When Portugal was threatened by Napoleon, the British Royal Navy removed the royal court of Portugal to Brazil, the first European monarch to visit the Americas. The court remained there for several years during which time Brazil was the sovereign nation and Portugal the overseas possession (not truly a colony). When the court returned Brazil soon became independent.