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Why Was Herman Goring Given A Death Sentence But Albert Speer Not In Nuremburg

Why was albert speer only given 20 years imprisonment at the Nuremberg Trials?

First, not all of the defendants in the Nuremberg Trials were hung. Below is a list of the ones who did NOT get the death penalty.

1. Karl Dönitz, Leader of the Kriegsmarine (Navy) from 1943, 10 years
2. Hans Fritzsche, head of the news division of the Nazi Propaganda Ministry, acquitted
3. Walther Funk, Hitler's Minister of Economics; succeeded Schacht as head of the Reichsbank, life imprisonment
4. Rudolf Hess, Hitler's Deputy Führer until he flew to Scotland in 1941 in an attempt to broker peace with Great Britain, life imprisonment
5. Baron Konstantin von Neurath, Minister of Foreign Affairs 1932–38, succeeded by Ribbentrop. Later, Protector of Bohemia and Moravia 1939–43, 15 years
6. Franz von Papen, Vice-Chancellor under Hitler in 1933–34. Ambassador to Austria 1934–38 and ambassador to Turkey 1939–44, acquitted
7. Erich Raeder, Commander In Chief of the Kriegsmarine from 1928 until his retirement in 1943, succeeded by Dönitz, life imprisonment
8. Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, Prominent banker and economist. Pre-war president of the Reichsbank 1923–30 & 1933–38 and Economics Minister 1934–37, acquitted
9. Baldur von Schirach, Head of the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) from 1933–40, Gauleiter of Vienna 1940–45, 20 years
10. Albert Speer, Minister of Armaments and War Production from 1942 until the end of the war, 20 years

Speer probably escaped the death penalty because, unlike most of the other Nazi leaders, he didn't try to escape responsibility for his actions by saying that he was merely "following orders." Also, during the trial, he expressed remorse. After he had served his sentence, he published two books and was a sought-after speaker all over western Europe (and maybe the U.S.). In fact, he developed quite a "cottage industry" by marketing himself as "the good Nazi."

Why was albert speer only given 20 years imprisonment at the Nuremberg Trials?

First, not all of the defendants in the Nuremberg Trials were hung. Below is a list of the ones who did NOT get the death penalty.

1. Karl Dönitz, Leader of the Kriegsmarine (Navy) from 1943, 10 years
2. Hans Fritzsche, head of the news division of the Nazi Propaganda Ministry, acquitted
3. Walther Funk, Hitler's Minister of Economics; succeeded Schacht as head of the Reichsbank, life imprisonment
4. Rudolf Hess, Hitler's Deputy Führer until he flew to Scotland in 1941 in an attempt to broker peace with Great Britain, life imprisonment
5. Baron Konstantin von Neurath, Minister of Foreign Affairs 1932–38, succeeded by Ribbentrop. Later, Protector of Bohemia and Moravia 1939–43, 15 years
6. Franz von Papen, Vice-Chancellor under Hitler in 1933–34. Ambassador to Austria 1934–38 and ambassador to Turkey 1939–44, acquitted
7. Erich Raeder, Commander In Chief of the Kriegsmarine from 1928 until his retirement in 1943, succeeded by Dönitz, life imprisonment
8. Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, Prominent banker and economist. Pre-war president of the Reichsbank 1923–30 & 1933–38 and Economics Minister 1934–37, acquitted
9. Baldur von Schirach, Head of the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) from 1933–40, Gauleiter of Vienna 1940–45, 20 years
10. Albert Speer, Minister of Armaments and War Production from 1942 until the end of the war, 20 years

Speer probably escaped the death penalty because, unlike most of the other Nazi leaders, he didn't try to escape responsibility for his actions by saying that he was merely "following orders." Also, during the trial, he expressed remorse. After he had served his sentence, he published two books and was a sought-after speaker all over western Europe (and maybe the U.S.). In fact, he developed quite a "cottage industry" by marketing himself as "the good Nazi."

Of the defendants at Nuremberg, which were sentenced to death, which were jailed, and which were acquitted?

As a side point to your question, albert speer was tried at nuremberg and was given a prison sentence, rather than being sentenced to death. This verdict is still controversial to this day. Speer denied having knowledge of the holocaust, despite being minister of industry. Most historians see this as unlikely to say the least.

I think he should've hung.

Of the defendants at Nuremberg, which were sentenced to death, which were jailed, and which were acquitted?

As a side point to your question, albert speer was tried at nuremberg and was given a prison sentence, rather than being sentenced to death. This verdict is still controversial to this day. Speer denied having knowledge of the holocaust, despite being minister of industry. Most historians see this as unlikely to say the least.

I think he should've hung.

How would one best describe Nazi minister Albert Speer's personality?

I've read Albert Speer's memoirs on the Third Reich, and I would describe him as a naive genius.

Speer was a young man when the Nazis came to power, and saw an opportunity to advance his career as an architect through their employment. He was lucky in that he was chosen to design the Nuremburg rally, of which was renown throughout the world at the time. This brought him fame, and to the attention of Hitler. It is interesting that Speer noted that while Hitler saw himself superior to others in the military and political realms, in the areas of art and architecture (of which Hitler was fond of) he saw Speer as an equal.

Speer and Hitler often talked at great length about various projects, most of all was to be the capitol of Hitler's Germania. Even the models of this city that never came to be are quite impressive. Hitler liked his architectural style, and because Speer was no threat to Hitler's power base, the two became friends.

He says repeatedly in his memoirs that he didn't know of the atrocities committed by the Third Reich, as many said, but he noted that he should have known. After he became armaments minister, he certainly should have known about the use of slave labor at least in the construction of weapons. There has been talk that he knew about, or even designed, some of the concentration camps, but I'm not certain if this is true.

So, a genius in his field, and committed to his work as an architect would be the best qualities of the man who would serve as the chief Nazi architect and then production minister. There is nothing in his memoirs that hint that he had any of the typical Nazi philosophies such as eradicating the unfit, but he certainly could have left those details out. Still, I tend to believe that he was mostly an outsider in the Nazi heirarchy, and was told only what he needed to know to do his job.

How did Albert Speer become “The Good Nazi” and convince the Allies that he knew nothing about Nazi atrocities?

He was good armaments minister but an even better con man.While on trial for his life at Nuremberg he accepted partial responsibility for his crimes and admitted that he was now horrified by what Hitler had done.Further he claimed to have wanted to assassinate the fuehrer late in the war (doubtful).His partner in murder,Fritz Sauckel,was less impressive.Basically a semi-literate sailor.The result was that Speer got 20 years and Sauckel got the noose.While in prison,he wrote his memoirs in which he continued his snow job.He claimed to have known nothing at all about the murder of Europe’s Jews when the record shows he was at Posen when Himmler addressed this very issue.(November 1943)Further he claimed to have been a mere technician rather than a convinced Nazi.And that NOW he realized how evil Hitler was.After his release,he gave various interviews professing his responsibilty.Even became a TV celebrity of sorts.Personally,I feel the whole thig was a charade.The man was simply trying to rehabilitate his reputation.

Why was Hermann Goring famous?

Goering was famous for many things:WW 1 fighter ace.Commanded the Luftwaffe 1935–1945.Reorganised the SS, turning them from a bunch of thugs, into a unit of disciplined thugs.Created the Gestapo.Helped plan the Final SolutionHugely overweight but also very vain. Wore makeup and if he had his hair done before his morning exercise he would wear a hairnet to keep it in place while playing tennis.Multiple drug addict.Liked the Bling: Medals, jewelery, and art. He even designed his own unique uniforms.Told Hitler the Luftwaffe could stop the BEF escaping from Dunkirk. He was wrong.Told Hitler the Luftwaffe could win the Battle of Britain. He was wrong.Told Hitler the Luftwaffe could supply the German Army at Stalingrad. He was wrong.Told Hitler the Luftwaffe could stop Germany from being bombed he was wrong.Was the self proclaimed Reich Jagermeister, and had an drink named after him (they dropped the Reich bit after the War).

Why was Ribbentrop executed? What would the Nuremberg trials be like if they had used pre-existing laws and not the ones made in November 1945?

Ribbentrop was found guilty on all four of the Nuremberg crimes - crimes against peace, deliberately planning a war of aggression, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. He was central to the planning of Nazi aggression, and he and his staff participated in the Final Solution, so he received a death sentence.It is important to recognise that the laws applied were not invented in 1945. The Tribunal system was created in that year as an amalgam of (mostly) American, British, German and French procedures, but the laws used were pre-existing. For instance, international agreements signed by Germany were, by German law, automatically incorporated into German law. So if Hitler signed a non-aggression pact, he was legally obliged to abide by its terms.Germany was a signatory to the Hague and Geneva conventions and was legally required to follow them too.Having to consider the German legal system was a heavy burden to Jackson, the chief American prosecutor, because he just knew the American way of doing things was superior to any other system in the world. In particular, the American understanding of conspiracy differed from the French and German understanding so strongly that it became a real problem later in the trial.So, to answer your question; no laws concerning the Nuremberg trials were made in November 1945. Pre-existing ones were used throughout.EDIT: I see Patrick Ver has written an answer here and disabled comments, presumably to avoid other Quorans expressing a dislike for what amounts to a conspiracy theory.The real crime of Von Ribbentrop, Jodl, Keitel and the rest was that they had knowingly participated in horrendous crimes, starting with the waging of an aggressive war, and going on the war crimes and crimes against humanity. Hess received a lesser sentence because he was judged not to have been involved in war crimes and crimes against humanity.Goering hoped to be treated as a traditional head of government and his crimes ignored. Unfortunately for him, the rules had changed and he was found guilty on all four counts. Once his effort to be recognised as representative of Germany failed, he knew the trial could only end in his execution.All talk of nuclear research etc it just conspiracy theory and does not belong here.

Was Albert Speer a genius?

Yes, and I’d argue that so was Walther Rathenau, his equivalent in Imperial Germany during the first world war. Both did their country great services in the area of war economy, and Speer’s achievements are the main reason Germany was able to slog on for so many years after the disaster at Stalingrad. Of course, in hindsight it might have been better for everyone involved if Germany had run out of steam years earlier, but that’s hindsight speaking.Speer was not a perfect man (though I’d argue he was more of a careerist trimmer following the wind than an ardent believer in any ideology - just look how he claimed to embrace Social Democracy when that was the new deal in post-war Germany following his release from prison), but his ingenuity is not in doubt.Educated as an architect, managed a whole total war economy by virtue of his self-learnt sense of order, multiplied Germany’s war production several times over despite Allied strategic bombing campaigns. These types of people don’t grow on trees.

Were all generals who were tried at the Nuremberg trials actually guilty?

This guy is not:Alfred JodlDuring World War II he was Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, OKW), and subordinate to Wilhelm Keitel. Jodl was one of the geniuses of war tactics and philosophy. Together with General Keitel invented the so-called, Jodl-Keitel tactic, which is still taught in military education.At the end of the Second World War, Generaloberst Jodl signed the unconditional surrender, the 7th of May 1945 in Reims. After the signing of the surrender was arrested and transferred to Flensburg prisoner of war camp. He was later sent to the Nuremberg court. He was convicted of:- Execution of offenses against the peace and an act of war- Planning and launching of aggression- War crimes.The chief judge, the Frenchman, Henri Donnedieu de Vabr, vehemently protested against Jodl’s conviction, stating that it would not be fair to the professional soldier to be convicted of Nazi propensities.He was convicted of all charges to death by hanging, although he applied to the court to be killed by a firing squad. His last words were: “l greet you my eternal Germany ! The remains were cremated and thrown into an unknown river.Posthumously, he was acquitted by a German court citing the aforementioned French judge who himself advocated for his release. It happened on 28 February 1953.Essentially, Jodl was convicted because he was an outstanding military leader. This was a pure act of revenge.EditThanks to Stephen Tempest, which reminded me of some things. Thanks Stephen :)On 28 February 1953 a West German denazification court declared Jodl not guilty of breaking international law.This not guilty declaration was revoked on September 3, 1953, UNDER PRESSURE from the United States, by the Minister of Political Liberation for Bavaria.Of course, this has nothing to do with justice, but with the then political situation.The judge's name was Henri Donnedieu de Vabres.Henri Donnedieu de Vabres - WikipediaThe ashes were thrown into the river Isar. My mistake. The river is known.An apology, I am writing this from memory. Wikipedia is a refresh some memories :)