Why is it that one cannot be a feminist and a scientist at the same time?
Thanks for asking but I am surprised by your question. Why should these two labels be mutually exclusive? I am not sure where this question comes from. There are all sorts of people careerwise who are feminists and there are all sorts of scientists who hold all sorts of ideologies including misogyny and feministsScience does not preclude any of these ideologies but what it does do is give good information as to why feminism is a more logical approach or rather the equality it promotes as its best- and I am not including the male hating variety which I as a feminist detach myself from fully.Science shows us that difference does not mean better than or lesser than, it just means difference, and comparison is useless. It is all about communication skills and insight into how we each operate emotionally and biologically - once we have that sorted then there is no need to any feminism and inequality will be a thing that future generations will look back on and laugh at us for. Here is a link to a book I wrote about this topic which you are free to ignore or explore at your whim.https://www.amazon.com/Well-Mann...
Why are most male scientists and engineers also feminists?
Chiming in to disagree that most are feminists.I’ve only worked in mining and tech, so this answer will only be related to these two fields.I found the mining guys to be lovely. I’ve worked with geologists, hydrologists, environmental scientists and mechanical/chemical/mining engineers. They'd always listen to me, accepted my suggestions, asked for my opinions and sometimes thought my background was in the same field as them (because I'm great and super flattering). During the first meeting, I’d say around 30% were annoying and dismissive, just because I was a girl, but often this was a 15 minute annoyance, since once I showed I knew what I was doing, everything was fine.Tech was a different story, I’d say 90% were dismissive off the bat, and no matter how many times I was proved right, or fixed up their messes, they could never come to grips with a woman being competent. There was generally a sexist undertone, and was the first time I was sexually harassed in a work place. The mining guys would actually look out for me, speak up against assholes, and I always felt a general camaraderie with them. So in conclusion - tech sucks for a lot of women, and the engineers and scientists in those fields are very markedly not feminist, at least in my personal experience.
What type of scientists will be the first to be selected to go to Mars?
As alluded to in another question, The Apollo program only put one scientist (Harrison Schmidt )on the Moon, and that was on the final Apollo mission. Let's look at the US Moon programs versus a hypothetical Mars program.The Moon program's primary mission was political. Secondarily, it was scientific. These objectives could be be met by flying highly trained engineer/technicians., people with strong mechanical design and troubleshooting skills. They had to be good at calm and clear communication ("Houston, we have a problem") and generally unflappable. With that one scientist thrown in (who need all those other skills, just not quite as much).We don't have a program involving crewed flights to Mars, but many, many people (including me) want and expect a Mars program to be about colonization. This is way different that the Moon program. Who will be needed for that?Engineers and technicians will again be important because you have to get to Mars, live there for a while, and get back alive. But now we need to know a whole lot about humanity's newest home. So, you need:An astrobiologist to see if there is life already on Mars so it can be preserved and studied. Unless there is a lot more diverse ecosystem than I expect, this could very well be exactly one person for quite a while.Multiple geologists. Lots of these because the resources on Mars need to be inventoried and we need to find a wide range of things to support a self-sufficient colony.Biologists to test and develop methods to grow earth crops with Mars resources and, very likely, to work on raising livestock.A meteorologist because weather prediction will be as important on Mars as it is on Earth.Materials scientists to experiment with local resources to build structures.However, if any of these can be replaced by a scientist back on Earth in conjunction with a cross-trained engineer, that will make mission planning a lot easier.So, if someone wants to be picked to go to Mars, it seems like a good idea to be really good in one of the above areas, plus have some serious abilities in other critical areas.
How to become a space scientist or an astronaut?
For NASA and the European Space Agency scientist, engineers, and pilots can become astronauts. Honestly i don't know if India will do that in the future, i live in america and don't know much about India's space agency. Still apply to your space agency as a scientist/engineer. You never know what could happen :) If being an astronaut is really what you want then i don't think you should feel betrayed by going to NASA. Good Luck, I hope to see you in space one day :)
Do you know any feminist scientists, engineers, or astronauts?
Today's feminist platform is more geared towards degrading and punishing males for being male, while complaining about females who do not agree with their policy and practices. So if we use today's feminist platform as the standard for what defines a "feminist", then unfortunately there are no famous feminist leaders. In the classical sense of feminism nearly all female (and most of the male) scientists, engineers, or astronauts support empowering women to follow in their footsteps.
What do scientists, NASA engineers and NASA astronauts, think of fictional, unrealistic space movies?
I don't work for NASA, but I have a degree in aerospace engineering. Personally I'm a boring partner for movies. I remember watching the movie Gravity with my father (who is an engineer as well) and we were complaining every single second. OK, me and my father we understand each other, so we had fun finding some mistakes and we laughed a lot that night. Of course, watching this type of movie with my girlfriend is different (still funny, but I don't think I'm a good partner) and I'll be very boring for paying attention in every single datail, that's why we end up watching romances after a long time choosing a movie. Yes that's another problem I have, I'm not very fan of sci-fi movies, when I watch them I feel the necessity of bringing it to reality all the time, so when we are looking for something to watch I start discarding options just because of their unreal stories. I think I'm a more documentary type of guy.I don't think that's a rule inside the scientific community. I already saw really good comments about Gravity, for example try finding Robert Frost's comment (he works for NASA), and he had a different perspective of the movie. He's also a sci-fi boy for what I have noticed from his answers.Still about Gravity and trying to be more polite now: yes, they did a very nice job with all those incredible animations. With no doubts I agree with that. But I still can't control myself. I was analysing every single frame of the movie and thinking to myself: oh this is not possible; ohh this is possible; oh come on, he survived that?; ohh ok, that could happen. At the end I ended up with a bad impression of the movie cause I felt things were forced and unrealistic, but that's also a matter of taste.Regarding The Martian I had a better impression. I also have the book. It’s still a science fiction but reading the book (and in my opinion the book is better than the movie) I saw interesting approaches made by the author that I think were very scientifically accurate.Other film I like is Apollo 13.
Can I become an astronaut with a masters in computer engineering?
Given that it is Thirty times easier to be admitted as a freshman at Harvard than it is to become an US astronaut, here is my stock answer:Several of my professors were astronauts and my roommate freshman year in college (MIT) became an astronaut. He was a junior physics major. There are two paths to becoming an astronaut:Become an US military pilot, and the best and safest pilot you can be. Then become a test pilot and eventually a squadron commander. Always have glowing recommendations from your superior officers.Get a PhD in a subject that will be necessary in which to perform research in space, or to assist in building a new space station, or a space colony. My roommate got his PhD in EE and Lasers e.g. there has to be a Reason for NASA to send you into space. Of course you will be a perfect physical specimen (my roommate got his Black Belt in Karate.) One of my professors increased his chance to become an astronaut by volunteering to conduct research in Antarctica for One Year. Nothing like a Winter isolated in Antarctica to prove you have the "Right Stuff"..... Also, an astronaut is an explorer, and as an explorer you should be prepared to die. My college roommate perished on Challenger....... Since you only want to get a Masters degree, don't forget to join the USAF or Navy and become a pilot......
How was the first astronaut suit designed if no man has ever been to space then?
Design of any device goes from following steps: Modelling, Designining, testing.Modelling is considering all environmental conditions, and deciding desired operating conditions. Designing is making a design of the product based on the modelling. Testing is pushing the manifactured prototype to its limits and testing its working under complex and severe conditions.Space suit is no-doubt designed by following very disciplined and strict cycle of above processes.Space is harsh environment to live in. But space is not difficult or complex enough to model.Scientists known laws that will work or have significant effects in space, for decades before we sent astronauts into the space.Newtons law is practically very applicable in the space. So the effects of gravity were fairly easy to model. We also known about radiation in the space beforehand. Lack of atmosphere and atmospheric pressure is also known can be modelled with mathematics.And when scientists designed those suits for space, they should have provided good amount of redundancy in each facility they provided in space-suit.Testing the space suit is possible or made possible in various labs spacielly built for space-purpose. Every small fault or defect must have been rectified for the multi-million mission.So there have been no major accidents because of failures of space-suits. But, recently there was a malfunction in the space-suit. You can find it below: NASA Astronaut Says Spacesuit Water Leak Was 'Scary Situation' (Video)So, clearly, simple malfunctions can be fatal when it comes to space. But, with state of the art engineering and scientic research, these malfunctions can be prevented. And safety of astronauts is considered paramount in space missions. NASA achieved to get back their astronauts even when oxygen tank of the ship exploded in the space : Apollo 13
Why do you want to be an astronaut?
I don’t even know where to begin!I’ve always been interested in space, but the first time I truly wanted to become an astronaut was when I was in 4th grade. It was a cold January day in 2005, and my class had gone to the school library. I found the Eyewitness book on space exploration, and after spending 5 or 10 minutes flipping through it, I was hooked! My ten year old self couldn’t really describe it at the time, but I absolutely felt something calling me.I’m 23 now and finishing up a degree in Physics. The dream is still alive, I even applied to become an astronaut back in 2015 (being fully aware I would get rejected at the time, as I didn’t meet the basic requirements). Now that I’m older and wiser, I can more clearly talk about why I want to be an astronaut.AdventureThere is something extremely exciting about climbing into a small metal box, and having it sped up faster than a bullet, not having any gravity, and then putting on a pressurized suit and floating in open space. Not to mention the possibility of going to new worlds and walking on land where nobody has been before.DiversityBeing an astronaut is like several jobs in one. I’ve always had a wide range of interests, and being an astronaut has a wide range of duties. It’s sort of like being an explorer, scientist, engineer, and pilot all in one. Not to mention the wide range of training (working on the spacecraft, EVA training, learning to fly the T-38, survival training, team-building with NOLS, etc.).DriveWanting to be an astronaut makes me want to be a better and more complete person. It makes me want to be closer to the imagined profile of an astronaut. It drives me to do study harder, work out more, practice my foreign languages, travel more often, learn about a wider range of things, and develop psychological strength and resilience.
If for any reason, scientists on earth become incapable of sending space shuttles to the International Space Station, is there any possibility of astronauts returning to earth?
Q: If for any reason, scientists on earth become incapable of sending space shuttles to the International Space Station, is there any possibility of astronauts returning to earth?We should certainly hope so, for at the time this question was posted (May 31, 2018) the last Space Shuttle has been in a museum for nearly a decade. Here’s me standing under Endeavor last week at the California Science Museum in LA:Since July 2011 when the last shuttle flew, the only way to or from the ISS has been in a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. That should change in the next year or so, as new American launch systems become man-rated.Also, scientists do not, and never did, launch and recover astronauts. Even engineers and technicians like my friend Bill Ledbetter (who took the above photo and worked on shuttle systems at Rockwell) did not launch and recover astronauts. That’s the job of various operational personnel at NASA and elsewhere. Scientists do things like, invent the type of tiles you see behind me in the picture above, which engineers then make into operational components of a spacecraft thermal protection system (one of thousands such examples.)And the scientists and engineers are still hard at work, building the next generation of better, safer, and cheaper spacecraft. It just won’t be another shuttle.If you like science, you might enjoy my free award-winning scifi sampler.